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Standard Missile-3

SM-3 Interceptor

Standard Missile-3: Beating ballistic missiles on land and at sea

The SM-3® interceptor is a defensive weapon the U.S. Navy uses to destroy short- to intermediate-range ballistic missiles.

The interceptor uses sheer force, rather than an explosive warhead, to destroy its target. Its “kill vehicle” hits threats with the force of a 10-ton truck traveling 600 mph. This technique, referred to as “hit-to-kill,” has been likened to intercepting a bullet with another bullet.

May 20, 2014 Aegis Ashore Play Video
The Missile Defense Agency and U.S. Navy launch an SM-3® Block IB guided missile from the Aegis Ashore Weapon System in Kauai, Hawaii.

Land-based SM-3 Interceptor
The SM-3 interceptor is a critical piece of the Phased Adaptive Approach for missile defense in Europe. Currently, U.S. Navy ships carrying SM-3 interceptors deployed off Europe's coast provide the continent's only "upper tier" defense from the growing threat of ballistic missiles. In 2016, the first land-based interceptors site became operational in Romania, further enhancing Europe's protection.

The flexibility of the SM-3 interceptor to be both land- and sea-based offers countries that do not have ballistic missile defense-enabled navies to take advantage of the incredible capacity to protect large areas of land. This is often referred to as regional defense. The SM-3 missile can cover larger areas with fewer installations, when compared to other "lower tier" missile defense solutions.

The program has more than 25 successful space intercepts, and more than 240 interceptors have been delivered to U.S. and Japanese navies.

The U.S. Aegis Ashore missile defense system at the Naval Support Facility in Deveselu, Romania is expected to be fully operational in late 2015. (Photo: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers)
The U.S. Aegis Ashore missile defense system at the Naval Support Facility in Deveselu, Romania became fully operational in 2016. (Photo: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers)

SM-3 Block IB Interceptor
Whether on land or at sea, the SM-3 interceptor continues to excel in testing. In 2014, the Block IB variant was successfully launched for the first time from an Aegis Ashore testing site in Hawaii. Later in the year, the missile destroyed a short-range ballistic missile target during a highly complex integrated air and missile defense exercise in the Pacific Ocean.

The SM-3 Block IB interceptor has an enhanced two-color infrared seeker and upgraded steering and propulsion capability that uses short bursts of precision propulsion to direct the missile toward incoming targets. It became operational in 2014, deploying for the first time on U.S. Navy ships worldwide. In 2017, the Block IB variant successfully engaged a medium-range ballistic missile defense threat off the coast of Scotland in an extensive real-world exercise.

SM-3 Block IIA Interceptor
The next-generation SM-3 Block IIA interceptor is being developed in cooperation with Japan and will be deployable on land as well as at sea. It has two distinct new features: larger rocket motors that will allow it to defend broader areas from ballistic missile threats and a larger kinetic warhead. The interceptor’s kinetic warhead has been enhanced, improving the search, discrimination, acquisition and tracking functions, to address advanced and emerging threats.

The SM-3 IIA missile intercepted an advanced ballistic missile threat in its first live target test in early 2017. The flawless intercept was preceded by two successful non-target flight tests.

The Block IIA variant is the centerpiece of the European missile defense system. The program is on track for 2018 deployment at sea and on land in Poland.

InfographicLaunch Infographic

Evolution of the SM-3® interceptor

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Feature Stories

Working together for stronger defense - Cooperative exercises help to protect the US and its allies 

Winning in the future battlespace - Developing advanced technologies to dominate coming conflicts

Collective missile defense - Raytheon leaders discuss NATO, Europe and the course ahead

A next-gen ballistic missile killer - Raytheon Standard Missile-3 aces intercept flight test

From land or by sea - Tests demonstrate the many capabilities of Raytheon's SM-3 interceptor

Media Coverage

Japan approves introduction of Aegis Ashore missile defense system amid North Korea threat (The Japan Times)

Japan to expand ballistic missile defense with ground-based Aegis batteries (Reuters)

Raytheon interceptors down four missiles in NATO exercise (Arizona Daily Star)

SM-3 Block IB intercept test, key to full-rate production decision, set for NATO exercise (Inside Defense)

Alabama-made missile failed after sailor's error, investigation finds (Huntsville Times)

Raytheon interceptor ruled out as cause of failed test (Arizona Daily Star)

The sky is [not] the limit: the evolution of the Standard Missile (The Cipher Brief)

U.S., Japan conduct successful missile interception test (CNN)

Photo Gallery

SM-3 Photo Gallery Launch Gallery


CTV-02 Flight TestPlay Video

SM-3® Block IIA missile intercepts ballistic missile target in test

FTO-02 E1a Flight TestPlay Video

Aegis Ashore Weapon System and SM-3® Block IB missile flight test FTO-02 E1a

SM-3 VideoPlay Video

Raytheon's ballistic missile defense systems provide layered defense around the world.

News Releases

Raytheon systems support complex international ballistic missile defense exercise

Next-gen Standard Missile-3 completes first intercept test

Standard Missile-3 flight test validates engineering upgrade

Land-based SM-3 demonstrates first ballistic missile intercept supported by AN/TPY-2 radar

U.S. succeeds in next flight test of advanced missile defense interceptor

Related Information

VIDEO: Cooperating with Japan on Missile Defense

Missile Defense Overview

Missile Defense Agency (MDA)