Maritime Information Management System (MIMS)
Maritime organizations are facing a growing challenge in addressing sovereignty, security and safety within their maritime regions. This is further complicated by the diverse nature of vessels conducting legitimate and illicit activities, natural disasters and ambiguities introduced by the complexities of vessel ownership and registration.
Raytheon Solipsys’ Maritime Information Management System (MIMS) is a command and control (C2) system designed specifically to address maritime security and surveillance needs. Maritime security and surveillance is about generating actionable intelligence from all available information sources and providing confidence-based decision support. This requires collecting and correlating information about maritime targets in the surveillance area including classification of vessel type and activity, positive identification and threat assessment on a single operator display.
Built upon Raytheon Solipsys’ expertise in track management and visualization, MIMS provides operators with a single integrated picture encompassing near-real-time sensor data correlated with non-real-time data to support operations.
MIMS was designed to support the following applications:
COASTAL SURVEILLANCE AND SECURITY
MIMS is more than a vessel traffic management system (VTMS). A VTMS shows cooperative vessels. In addition to cooperative vessels, MIMS highlights vessels that do not want to be found or normally do not commercially track, such as small fishing vessels without Automatic Identification System (AIS) or AIS spoofing. MIMS automatically monitors the maritime domain for abnormal vessel behavior including unauthorized vessel entry, loitering, ships merging, ships launching small vessels and vessels performing erratic movements. It automatically generates alerts on the display for the operators and provides support for further investigation and possible response efforts. Industry standard grids are available for search and rescue missions and automated tools reduce operator workload, making operators more effective. Modeling of existing sensor coverage and gap analysis is also available.
In addition to coastal surveillance and security applications, MIMS supports more robust naval operations. Airspace and subsurface pictures can be correlated with the surface maritime picture onto a single correlated operator display. A 3-D display is available for tracks, shapes, points, lines, sensor coverages and terrain to assist in terrain and depth analysis for mission planners. It also allows commanders to view the mission space from the perspective of a specific vessel. MIMS has embedded software training tools for scenario and concept of operations development that allow for real-time scenario adjustment and live over simulation options. The display supports a number of different coordinate systems for local reference points and grids for assistance in assigning patrol vessels to a specific area. Available tasking and tasking information tools include ETA, CPA, range/bearing, engagement lines, and others. If available, MIMS can integrate with existing status of readiness databases and ship status can be indicated on the display using display mutations.
SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS
MIMS supports the standards set forth in the International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) for search and rescue. This includes grids and coordinate systems, assistance with distribution of warnings to vessels, support for collaboration with agencies responsible for disaster mitigation and response activities, and integration with external databases on the operator display. Images such as hazard maps and profiles, maritime forecasts and world weather imagery can be layered on the operational display. MIMS provides standard operational checklists on the display to facilitate appropriate operator responses and the MIMS database can produce situation reports for after action reviews. If available, MIMS can integrate with existing drift prediction databases.
MONITORING SEA ROUTES
MIMS integrates with sensors designed to support monitoring of sea routes, including the High Frequency Surface Wave Radar (HFSWR) and satellite AIS. Most shipping lanes are too far out to sea to be monitored by conventional land-based radar, leaving expensive aerostats as the only alternative. MIMS can correlate data from long-range land-based radar, with satellite AIS and conventional AIS to provide a situational awareness picture of shipping lanes up to 200 nautical miles offshore. This data can be combined with external databases such as HIS Fairplay and Lloyds shipping registry and photo finder to provide additional information of interest. MIMS doctrine monitor vessels in shipping lanes to automatically identify unsafe behavior such as speeding, unauthorized passage, unauthorized entry, bilge dumping and possible collisions. The operators are immediately alerted to such behavior. Recording of long-term track data including ship owner and last port of call would allow fines to be levied on these vessels, making the waterways safer.
PORT SECURITY AND CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION
MIMS supports basic port security and critical infrastructure protection. Collaboration tools allow operators to share data about suspect vessels and highlight suspect vessels near or entering restricted areas. MIMS automatically generates a watch list based on customizable criteria that, if available, can be cross checked against shipping manifests, owners, Greenpeace and other terrorist watch list databases. Doctrine provide automatic identification of vessels speeding or conducting other unsafe maneuvers. Integration with sonar systems provides underwater track data and alerts correlated onto a single display with maritime surface data.
When integrated with pollution or oil spill detection systems, MIMS can assist in monitoring and detecting oil, chemical and other pollution spills. Satellite imagery on the display can show the current state of spills. Correlation with radar, AIS, EO/IR sensors and ship registry databases can help identify which vessel was responsible for the spill and provide auxiliary information such as last port of call for prosecution purposes. MIMS checklists support standardized response procedures and collaboration tools support coordination of response procedures between multiple cleanup organizations.
PROTECTION OF FISH AND OTHER NATURAL RESOURCES
MIMS integrates with long-range detection systems and small-target trackers to provide tracking of small fishing vessels not transmitting AIS or GPS. Integrated spotlighting tools highlight suspect vessels in crowded fishing areas. If available, MIMS integrates with weather warnings and distribution of warnings to authorized fisherman. Further, integration with GPS devices assists in monitoring cooperative fishing vessels.