2010 Raytheon Excellence in Engineering and Technology Awards
The feature articles in this issue demonstrate how Raytheon has played a leading role in environmental science and engineering across a broad range of activities. We are engaged in basic science, managing environmental support activities, providing scientific instrumentation to academia and government agencies, and integrating large-scale environmental systems. Beyond this, we seek to be responsible citizens in the communities we live in by implementing sound sustainable solutions to minimize our energy footprint and our environmental impact.
Raytheon participated in the worldwide conference on energy, environment, defense and security (E2DS) May 2011 in Washington, D.C. This was the second gathering of representatives from defense companies, academia and government to collectively discuss how the vast resources and skills of the defense industry can be brought to bear on the critical environmental issues that affect our world.
Participants agreed that the magnitude of the issues we face is such that it takes the integrated and combined efforts of:
- Academia, to understand the basic science.
- Governments, to support and unite in addressing and leading change for the common good through research sponsorship, policy and treaties.
- Industry, to apply its considerable engineering resources to promote and support scientific activities and to implement policy changes through application of its systems engineering expertise and technology resources.
You will read more about this conference and Raytheon's sponsorship in our Events section.
Raytheon's Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) is the next-generation imaging spectroradiometer for the
Joint Polar Satellite System. VIIRS replaces and improves upon three different sensors operating today with a single instrument built into a flexible design architecture. "Raytheon's NextGen Sensor for Weather/Climate Forecasting" discusses VIIRS' origins, its capabilities, and the environmental data it will provide to scientists studying weather and climate change.
A Raytheon-developed infrared line scanner flies aboard a specially instrumented aircraft. The mission is to detect, identify and map airborne chemical and nuclear hazards through images of gaseous plumes. "Airborne Spectral Photometric Environmental Collection Technology (ASPECT) Program" talks about this program, sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency. The ASPECT system played an important role during the Deepwater Horizon rig incident in the Gulf of Mexico by detecting oil on the water's surface.
Integrated Ground and Information Management
"Raytheon's Common Ground System – Providing Management, Control and Data Processing for the Joint Polar Satellite System" describes a single, common ground system that supports both U.S. and partner international polar-orbiting environmental monitoring satellite missions by providing satellite data and imagery to worldwide customers. Raytheon was responsible for design and development, and maintains the full JPSS CGS capability through operations and sustainment.
Weather Processing and Information Management
In 2000, Raytheon and the University of Massachusetts decided to extend a longstanding joint education program. This resulted in the establishment of a federally-sponsored engineering research center in 2003. "Storm Trackers – Engineering Research Center for Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA)" explains how this government–university–industry collaboration has grown and advanced the state of the art in storm prediction.
The Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS) gives forecasters access to data and imagery from an array of weather sensors and satellites through interactive workstations. Since 2005, Raytheon has worked closely with the National Weather Service to provide operations, maintenance and improvements. "AWIPS II – Raytheon Upgrades the Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System" discusses the design, development, and testing of AWIPS II, the system's next-generation software.
The Joint Environmental Toolkit is an integrated Air Force weather system for weather forecast and effects generation, meteorological watch, and observation management with increased accuracy and decreased latency. "Raytheon Completes Joint Environmental Toolkit Upgrades for Air Force Weather," talks about how Raytheon has been working with the Air Force to implement system upgrades to improve performance and reduce system administration and fielding costs.
The Federal Aviation Administration's Next-Generation (NextGen) Air Transportation System will address the needs of the aviation industry for increased capacity, safety and efficiency. This includes satisfying the demand for air traffic services to provide accurate and timely weather information at the temporal and spatial scales required by aviation decision-makers. The article "Raytheon Delivers NextGen Weather Demonstrations to the FAA" explains how Raytheon integrated several existing technologies from across the company to conduct an end-to-end demonstration of this capability.
Environmental Impact and Decision Support
"A System for the Vigilance of the Amazon (SIVAM)" discusses a high-technology system-of-systems developed by Raytheon for the Brazilian government to perform monitoring, protection and control of the land, air and water resources of the Brazilian Amazon region. The primary challenge of the SIVAM project is to perform remote sensing and communications over a vast and undeveloped land area. The SIVAM system is the world's largest fully integrated remote environmental monitoring system, providing critical information on a timely basis to the Brazilian government; law enforcement agencies; and commercial, educational and research groups.
Covering most of the planet, the oceans are a major part of the Earth's complex ecosystem, yet we know little about them. In 2009 the National Science Foundation began funding the construction of the Ocean Observatories Initiative, a large network of ocean sensors, a system-of-systems, with the purpose of gaining a better understanding of our ocean environment. Raytheon engineers have been working closely with a number of organizations involved in the program. "A Collaborative Effort in a System-of-Systems: The Ocean Observatories Initiative" discusses Raytheon's role in building the networked infrastructure of science-driven sensor systems to measure the many physical, chemical, geological and biological variables in the ocean and on the sea floor.
Environmental data producers, scientists and users are challenged by the task of extracting knowledge from an immense and rapidly growing volume of environmental information that is available from diverse sources. The article "Raytheon Develops uFrame™ to Provide Environmental Data Analysis" shows how Raytheon's uFrame service-oriented architecture provides a flexible, data-agnostic services framework capable of ingesting, fusing and displaying a wide array of environmental data in order to solve this problem.
With changing climate patterns affecting Arctic conditions, advanced data fusion and knowledge-extraction analytics are required to understand and address causes and effects. In response to these needs, Raytheon has developed a situational awareness and decision support system for Arctic monitoring and prediction based on the uFrame architecture. The system was demonstrated in a joint exercise with the Canadian Forces in Canada's eastern and high Arctic. "Operation Nanook – A Demonstration of Raytheon's Situational Awareness and Decision Support System for Arctic Monitoring and Prediction" discusses the exercise and its results.
Environmental protection of Antarctica has been a cornerstone of international policy since the 1960s. Raytheon has been under contract to the National Science Foundation since 2000 to manage the U.S. Antarctic Program, which supports scientific activities in the region. A key aspect of the company's role has been environmental preservation of this natural treasure. "Environmental Technology on 'The Ice' – Raytheon's Antarctic Support Role" provides highlights of our efforts and accomplishments.
"Preserving the Environment for Future Generations – Raytheon Sustainability" illustrates how Raytheon's people are making a difference not only through the products they make and the services they provide, but also through their activities to preserve the environment around them. These include waste reduction and recycling, water conservation, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, energy reduction, the use of alternative energy sources, sustainable engineering practices and the implementation of innovative IT solutions.
We hope this collection of articles provides a perspective of Raytheon's commitment to understanding and preserving the environment in which we live.
Kenneth Kung, Lindley Specht