Raytheon's Environmental Solutions
Technologies for Monitoring and Preserving Our Environment
The feature articles in this issue demonstrate how Raytheon has played a leading role in environmental science and engineering across a broad range of activities. We are engaged in basic science, managing environmental support activities, providing scientific instrumentation to academia and government agencies, and integrating large-scale environmental systems.
Raytheon's Next-Generation Sensor for Weather/Climate Forecasting
Raytheon's Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite
VIIRS is the next-generation imaging spectroradiometer for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) that emerged from cancellation of the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS). The first VIIRS flight unit was delivered in March 2010 and was launched onboard the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) satellite on Oct. 28, 2011. The second and third flight units are being built now.
Airborne Spectral Photometric Environmental Collection Technology Program
A partnership between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Defense has led to the development of a suite of remote sensing instruments mounted in a small aircraft that can obtain detailed chemical information from a safe distance. Airborne Spectral Photometric Environmental Collection Technology (ASPECT) is an emergency response sensor package operated by the EPA.
Raytheon's Common Ground System – Providing Management, Control and Data Processing for the Joint Polar Satellite System
The reliability of weather forecasting that we have become dependent upon today is possible because of data inputs to the National Weather Service forecasting models from the U.S. polar-orbiting environmental satellites. Greater than 98 percent of the inputs to the computers that forecast the world's weather come from satellites.
Storm Trackers – Engineering Research Center for Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA)
Approximately 1,000 tornadoes strike the United States each year. Under the present warning system, 800 are detected while 200 are missed, and 80 percent of tornado warnings turn out to be false alarms.
AWIPS II – Raytheon Upgrades the Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System
The Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS) is central to a forecaster's ability to make weather
predictions that can save lives and safeguard property. Developed by the National Weather Service (NWS), AWIPS gives forecasters access to data and imagery from an array of weather sensors and satellites through interactive workstations. The system provides complex analysis and data integration, enabling forecasters at more than 130 weather forecast and river forecast offices across the nation to predict weather and issue time-sensitive warnings.
Raytheon Completes Joint Environmental Toolkit Upgrades for Air Force Weather
The Joint Environmental Toolkit (JET) Increment 1 solution is an integrated U.S. Air Force weather system, which is scalable and meets U.S. government needs for weather forecast and effects generation, meteorological watch, and observation management with increased accuracy and decreased latency.
Raytheon Delivers NextGen Weather Demonstrations to the FAA
The goal of the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Next-Generation (NextGen) Air Transportation System is to address the needs of the aviation industry for increased capacity, safety and efficiency. This includes the demand for air traffic services to provide accurate and timely weather information at the temporal and spatial scales required by aviation decision makers. Since weather accounts for 70 percent of air traffic delays in the U.S., improving information about weather and weather impact is vital to meeting future demands for air travel. Similar challenges related to weather affect flights across the globe. As a world leader in air traffic control systems, Raytheon is focused on developing and delivering air traffic systems and products that significantly improve the efficiencies of the global aviation fleets.
The System for the Vigilance of the Amazon
The Brazilian government has given significant attention to the Amazon in an effort to solve longstanding and complex social, environmental and economic issues, intensified by mobility and communication difficulties as well as by the limited human presence in the vast region. As a result, it has adopted measures to control environmentally harmful activities and to promote sustainable development in the region. The System for Protection of the Amazon (SIPAM) was conceived to facilitate coordination and integration among governmental agencies for these purposes. To provide the resources necessary to support the mission of SIPAM, the System for the Vigilance of the Amazon (SIVAM) was born.
A Collaborative Effort in a System-of-Systems:
The Ocean Observatories Initiative
The oceans cover approximately 72 percent of the Earth's surface. They are where the planet stores vast amounts of heat and a significant amount of carbon dioxide. Increasingly, natural resources such as oil and minerals are being found throughout our oceans. The oceans drive our weather and are related to key climate processes. Yet we know little about the complex ocean ecosystem that so profoundly affects life on the planet.
Operation Nanook –
A Demonstration of Raytheon's Situational Awareness and Decision Support System for Arctic Monitoring and Prediction
Climate changes in the Arctic are leading to increases in commercial shipping, oil and mineral exploration, commercial fishing, tourism, research and other related activities. The U.S. Navy is the lead U.S. Department of Defense component focusing on climate change and its impact on the Arctic region.
Raytheon Develops uFrame™ System Architecture to Provide Environmental Data Analysis
Raytheon is addressing challenges faced by environmental data producers, scientists and other users attempting to extract knowledge from a vast and rapidly growing volume of environmental information that is available from diverse sources. Raytheon's uFrame (universal framework) service-oriented architecture (SOA) provides a data-agnostic services framework to solve this problem.
Environmental Technology on "The Ice"
Raytheon's Antarctic Support Role
Antarctica has come to symbolize one of the last, great frontiers for science — a natural laboratory for oceanography, glaciology, biology, astrophysics and a host of other research endeavors. Maintaining a pristine environment — unsullied from pollution and degradation from human activities — is one of the chief goals of the nations that operate in its biologically and geologically diverse areas, on its ice sheets and near its shores.
Preserving the Environment for Future Generations
Raytheon has a long history of environmental stewardship. The company has employed dedicated environmental and energy staff positions at corporate headquarters and operating locations since 1970. Raytheon's sustainability program underscores our commitment to future generations by engaging our employees, customers, suppliers and communities to protect our environment and conserve natural resources.