Technology Today

2010 Issue 2

Raytheon Research Overview

Maintaining Our Technology Edge

Technology continues to be a key discriminator for Raytheon in delivering value to our customers. Our technology research is done in a highly collaborative environment, with ideas coming internally and from partners in academia, small businesses, large contractors and national laboratories. In today's global economy, research is no longer solely an internally focused activity, but a highly dynamic, collaborative process where good ideas and novel solutions come from many sources. The research enables upgrades to existing products as well as the demonstration of completely new capabilities.

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Additional Features:

  • COSMOS: A Path to Next-Generation, High-Performance, Mixed Signal Circuits

    Raytheon's research in Compound Semiconductor Materials on Silicon (COSMOS) will enable a new class of high-performance mixed-signal integrated circuits (ICs) that enhance the capabilities of U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) systems through direct monolithic integration of compound semiconductors — such as gallium arsenide (GaAs) and indium phosphide (InP) — and silicon (Si) CMOS on a common, low-cost silicon substrate.

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  • Raytheon's Trimode Imager for Nuclear Detection:
    Merging Technologies to Defeat Radiological Threats

    Nuclear or radiological terrorism is a growing concern for U.S. national security, driving a need for high performance (high probability of detection and low false alarm rate) standoff detectors for nuclear material. Under the Standoff Radiation Detection System (SORDS) program, Raytheon has developed a Trimode Imager (TMI) that employs three simultaneous modalities — Compton imaging (CI), code aperture (CA) imaging, and spatial information from a non-imaging shadow technology — in a wide field of view system to improve system performance, with an emphasis on driving down the false alarm rate.

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  • Counting Photons:
    Advances in Passive Short Wave Infrared Imaging

    Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) — the spectrum from nominally 1 to 3 microns in wavelength — has gone largely unexploited due to a lack of suitable detectors and limited understanding of the image phenomenology in this band. Due to its shorter wavelength, SWIR offers the advantage of higher resolution and smaller optical systems than mid-wave and long-wave (LW) infrared systems, making it attractive for tactical applications. To enable the exploitation of the SWIR band, Raytheon has been leading in the development of new detectors and cameras, as well as studying the imaging phenomenology.

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  • Adaptive Flight Control Systems Delivering more robust performance

    The ability of a missile or an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to complete its mission depends heavily on the quality of its flight control system. The quality of a traditional flight control system is rooted in the validity of the mathematical models used in its design, the fidelity of the information it receives in flight, and the health of its actuation devices.

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  • Computational Materials Engineering: A tool whose time has come

    Isaac Newton (1643−1727) and Robert Hooke (1635–1703) were contemporaries, and their work forms the basis of modern engineering. Newton's calculus found fertile ground and grew into the core computational techniques that are the foundation of mechanical design. Finite element analysis, for example, is a numerical integration technique that permits analysis of systems that are too difficult to solve by other means. Hooke's law of elasticity laid the foundation for computing the internal distortions of physical objects subjected to external stresses and for predicting strain induced failures.

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  • GaN Microwave Amplifiers Come of Age

    The revolutionary power, efficiency and bandwidth performance improvements demonstrated by Raytheon's gallium nitride (GaN) technology are now being realized in state-of-the-art microwave power amplifiers, enabling the next generation of radar systems. Raytheon's large development effort leveraged extensive gallium arsenide (GaAs) development experience, strategic partnerships with universities and the government, and long-term investment commitments.

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  • Monarch Meets Demanding, High-Stress Processing Requirements

    Raytheon is bringing two DARPAsponsored technologies together to meet challenging warfighter needs: Monarch, an exceptional processor architecture that provides an order of magnitude more processing per watt than other computing solutions, and SAVi (seismic and acoustic vibration imaging), an advanced sensor that uses laser vibrometry and a number of compute-intensive algorithms to detect buried objects such as mines and tunnels.

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  • YAG Solid State Laser Ceramics Breakthroughs at Raytheon

    Raytheon has long been a leader in optical materials research and development, with multiple patents involving multi-spectral zinc sulfide (ZnS), Raytran zinc selenide, and aluminum oxynitride (ALON), just to name a few. More recently, the focus has shifted to next-generation optical materials that will enable further system capabilities and higher performance. For example, as missile domes and windows and as laser gain media. Yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12, or YAG) is a laser gain host material widely used for solid state lasers.

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  • Raytheon Partners With Universities for Knowledge Technologies

    Raytheon's research in Compound Semiconductor Materials on Silicon (COSMOS) will enable a new class of high-performance mixed-signal integrated circuits (ICs) that enhance the capabilities of U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) systems through direct monolithic integration of compound semiconductors — such as gallium arsenide (GaAs) and indium phosphide (InP) — and silicon (Si) CMOS on a common, low-cost silicon substrate.

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  • Small Business Innovation Research

    The U.S. federal government's Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program represents a significant opportunity for Raytheon to work with small businesses to develop technologies for the customer, fill technology needs and gaps, and create competitive discriminators for Raytheon.

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  • The Convergence of Virtual Reality and Warfighter Training to Counter Improvised Explosive Devices

    Expect the unexpected. Thanks to Raytheon's IED Reality Training (IRT) technology, U.S. warfighters assigned with countering IEDs will be prepared to do just that. IRT is a result of Raytheon's research to combine motion capture technology, simulation-based realism and battlefield domain expertise that puts warfighters into a fully immersive environment before they deploy into a war zone.

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  • Raytheon BBN Technologies: Persistent Innovation

    More than 60 years ago, two Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) acoustics professors set up a small, architectural acoustics consulting firm in Cambridge, Mass. The modest firm's first commission was an auspicious one: design the acoustics for the United Nations facilities being built in New York City. Requests for consulting work on lesser auditoriums followed and the firm — called Bolt Beranek and Newman — developed a reputation for excellent acoustics.

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  • Raytheon Joins DARPA's Focus Center Research Program

    As discussed in several of the articles in this issue, Raytheon is a leader in advanced photonic and electronic component technologies that enable new system capabilities. To ensure we continue to maintain this technological edge, Raytheon recently joined the Focus Center Research Program (FCRP), a major pre-competitive research consortium jointly sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA).

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Mark E. Russel

A Message From Mark

Fifty years ago, the world changed forever with a research breakthrough leading to the first operating laser — a moment in Raytheon's rich research heritage that transformed modern life with countless applications from DVDs to supercomputing. Today, research is as vital as ever to delivering new technologies and capabilities to our customers. At Raytheon, research begins with a customer focus. What current and emerging capabilities do our customers need? Where do technology gaps lie? Then we focus our research and technology road maps to address these capabilities needs.

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