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The Technology Drivers of Warfighter FOCUS
One of the most important missions of the U.S. Army is maintaining readiness for war. This can only be achieved by providing warfighters with the most thorough and realistic training possible. Raytheon is supporting this mission through the Warfighter Field Operations Customer Support (FOCUS) program, providing the training support needed for mission effectiveness.

The Raytheon-led Warrior Training Alliance (WTA) team is supporting the Army through the use of a unique set of information technology tools created and deployed to deliver the high level of responsive, efficient, flexible and cost-effective services and support the Army expects for its comprehensive global training requirements under the Warfighter FOCUS contract.

The landmark program is integrating three previously separate training domains — live, virtual and constructive — under one structure. In May 2008, the team began delivering integrated, turnkey, lifecycle training services and support to warfighters at 500 U.S. Army locations worldwide. Major teammates include Computer Sciences Corporation, General Dynamics Information Technology and MPRI. Raytheon manages more than 100 teammates on the program.

The core technology tool is the Automated Toolset for Lifecycle Activities and Services Management Information System (ATLAS MIS). The enterprisewide, integrated ATLAS MIS is an information, technology and analysis toolkit that integrates program support elements to predict customer needs, sense potential problems and respond with support and services that optimize operational availability, response time, logistics footprints and total ownership costs.

"ATLAS MIS is at the center of everything," said Mike Edwards, Raytheon Technical Services Company LLC vice president and program manager for Warfighter FOCUS. "It automates most of the key functions and provides the Army customer with a one-stop shopping tool, as well as a single, easy-to-use portal to track all task orders from initiation to completion."

ATLAS provides a commercially accepted, open format, real-time, Web-based MIS to collect, store and manage operations, maintenance, financial, supply and inventory data.

This information is necessary to enable the WTA to meet every customer need for access, analysis and review of data and reports — any time, any place, worldwide. The WTA has integrated solutions to match the broad scope of Warfighter FOCUS needs, from requirements management, enterprise scheduling and resource management to enterprise portfolio project management, program planning and control, collaboration, risk management, configuration management and customer support.

Technology Power Advances in Training
Innovative applications of technology tools and processes are being used by the WTA in support of the Warfighter FOCUS mission in all the following areas:

MIS tools that facilitate the allocation of cross-trained personnel in the correct labor categories and skill mixes create a truly integrated approach to training support for integrated live, virtual and constructive training. For example, WTA can draw from its cross-trained pool of electronic technicians and training analysts at Fort Hood, Texas, to support both the Close Combat Tactical Trainer and the Digital Multipurpose Range Complex. Using cross-training to expand the capabilities of the total resource pool for training support at a given installation enables cross-utilization and more resource-leveled and cost-effective integrated training support.

Integrated Training Support
Transforming from a domain-oriented to an integrated training environment demands a focused and proactive approach from the service provider. Raytheon refined its "Predict, Plan, Perform" methodology to specifically address this compelling need. The result is a unique Integrated Training Support Tool (ITST) that complements the information resident in the system to portray when and where the forces will train, and when the end user will require specific training support systems. ITST gives the Program Executive Office Simulation, Training and Instrumentation customer realtime information on training resources matched to actual requirements, while offering an integrated live-virtual-constructive training solution.

Cross-Domain Training
The integration of the three traditional training domains in Warfighter FOCUS, along with the MIS tools that facilitate and control the integration, permit cross-domain training in ways that have never before been practicable.

Larry Retta, WTA deputy program manager and vice president, Simulation & Training, for teammate General Dynamics Information Technology, described one example of how this replaces previously "stovepiped" activities with closely coordinated and integrated training exercises that save the government time and money, while producing highly synchronized results.

"At the Fort Irwin's National Training Center, we can now run constructive training simulations simultaneously with live exercises of the same type of engagement being conducted," Retta said. "It's all tied together. We even train the observers and controllers for the range exercises."

Mike Parmelee, WTA deputy program manager and vice president of Federal Training for CSC's Defense Division, emphasized the flexibility of cross-domain training. "We can just as easily revert to force-onforce training or go forward to GWOT (global war on terror). The WTA team has the legacy experience to move smoothly back and forth from traditional training to cutting edge," Parmelee said.

Standardized Reporting
The Standardized Reporting Tool (STANREP), a Web-based application, provides a consistent means of capturing and reviewing significant events in a training activity. Data collected by STANREP can be used in afteraction reviews by training participants and trainers to make improvements and benefit from lessons learned. This reporting tool has been customized to be used only by the Warfighter FOCUS customer, and it is just one of a host of WTA tools the Army can access for situational awareness and recording of major training events for post-event review.

Gaming Technologies
WTA team members leverage the latest technological advances being developed by the commercial computer gaming industry.

"We examine every emerging game-related technology," Retta said. "Even though we are service providers, WTA has to be aware of fresh technologies and best commercial business practices that can be put to work for the customer."

Retta cited as examples a recently developed Vehicle Convoy Combat Transportation gaming simulation and the Distributed Battle Simulation Program, a structured program that incorporates training aids, devices, simulations and simulators into unique live, virtual and constructive training environments. Another example Retta emphasizes is Military Operations on Urban Terrain (MOUT). "MOUT facilities," he explained, "are fully instrumented physical structures that closely replicate the urban battlefield, providing soldiers with realistic training practice prior to combat, and improving their safety and mission success."

Kristin Patterson Jones