AIA:
Aerospace Industries Association. The Electronic Enterprise Integration Committee of the AIA published ANSI X12 version 4010 EDI Implementation Conventions in 1999 for use industry-wide and a parallel set of standards for xml.

ANSI:
American National Standards Institute. A private, nonprofit membership organization that coordinates the development and approval of voluntary consensus standards in the United States.

ANSI ASC X12:
In 1979, ANSI chartered the Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) X12 to develop uniform standards for interindustry electronic interchange of business transactions — electronic data interchange (EDI). The ASC X12 body comes together three times each year to develop and maintain EDI standards. Its main objective is to develop standards to facilitate electronic interchange relating to such business transactions as order placement and processing, shipping and receiving information, invoicing, and payment and cash application data. In ASC X12, various subcommittees develop new standards that become recommendations to the full ASC X12 membership. Proposed standards must be approved through the consensus process before a standard (or any change to a standard) is approved and registered with ANSI.

Technical work is performed by the subcommittees, whose work products are advisory to ASC X12 as a whole. Proposals for new standards or modifications to existing standards must be approved by ASC X12, and passed by the Procedures Review Board at the ASC X12 trimester meetings. DISA publishes the PRB minutes after each meeting.

B2B:
Business to Business. An acronym to describe one type of business data exchange. Other variations are B2C (Business-to-Consumer), B2E (Business-to-Employee) and B2G (Business-to-Government).

DEX/UCS:
Direct Exchange UCS.

DISA:
Data Interchange Standards Association. Secretariat for ANSI ASC X12.

DSD:
Direct Store Delivery.

EDI:
Electronic Data Interchange. A generic term for computer-to-computer transmission. Electronic data interchange (EDI) is the transmission, in a standard syntax, of unambiguous information of business or strategic significance between computers of independent organizations in many different industries. EDI users do not have to change their internal databases. EDI is the common "language" used to get information from one computer system to another. Users must translate this information to or from their own computer systems, but this translation software has to be prepared only once.

EDIFACT:
EDI for Administration, Commerce and Trade International EDI Standard set by the United Nations and administered in the United States by DISA.

EFT:
Electronic Funds Transfer. The electronic transfer of funds from payer to payee through the banking system.

FTP :
File Transfer Protocol. One method for exchanging a large volume of data from one point to another.

Hub:
Also called sponsors, hubs are large companies, very active in EDI, that strongly encourage their paper-based business partners to begin using EDI.

ISO:
International Standards Organization.

ISP:
Internet Service Provider. A company which provides access to the Internet.

JIT:
Just-In-Time Manufacturing.

MAILBOX:
A delivery point for a trading partner on a value added network (VAN).

NEX/UCS:
Network Exchange UCS.

NRF:
National Retail Federation.

PGP Encryption:
Pretty Good Privacy Encryption.  A data encryption program used to secure files.

Portal:
In a simple sense, one-stop shopping. A portal provides a single starting point from retrieving information from multiple, divergent sources. A customized page on mySAP.com is an example of a personalized portal.

POS:
Point-Of-Sale.

Proprietary Formats, Proprietary Standards:
Industry specific or company specific data formats. Since they are unique to a company or industry, they may or may not comply with ASC X12 standards.

RosettaNet:
Provides members with access to proven standards, products and services that enable companies to improve supply chain collaboration with their trading partners.

SFTP:
Secure File Transfer Protocol.  A method for transferring files from one point to another over a secure SSH data stream.

Trading Partner:
Vendor or other party with whom business is conducted.

Transaction Set:
A complete business document such as an invoice, a purchase order, or a remittance advice.

VAN:
Value Added Network.

XML:
eXtensible Markup Language. This language is a family member of HTML, which is used for authoring web pages. Instead of focusing on appearance, XML focuses on data content; its tags provide descriptive information about the data.

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